There are a number of different types of air conditioners to choose from, including window model, split air conditioner, central air conditioner, attic air conditioner, portable air conditioner, etc. The primary difference is the air conditioner heats an enclosed area, such as your home, office, business, or even commercial space, and a refrigerant cools an even smaller, more insulated area, such as your refrigerator. Your air conditioner uses refrigerants that convert liquid into gas and then back to liquid again very rapidly.
Air conditioners are most commonly powered by electricity, but they can also be powered by natural sources such as heat pumps, coal, oil, gas, or water. Many homeowners and businesses have air conditioners that run on electricity, because it is inexpensive and easy to operate. The majority of these units are hooked up directly to the house’s main power source. Others are set up so that they can be left on 24 hours a day, seven days a week, even during the winter months. In order to start the air conditioner, you simply open your refrigerator door and pull in the cord that runs from the base of the unit across the top of the refrigerator door. You then release the air control and release the water control.
Some newer models of air conditioners use what are called evaporative air coolers. These coolers pull warm outside air in through a condenser and then send the water through a cooling fan. This allows for air conditioning even in extremely cold temperatures, because the fan takes much of the chill out of the air as it blows through the cooling fins. These cooling fins are placed near the front of the air conditioner. Evaporative air coolers are quite efficient, but they take more energy than other types of air conditioners. If you are looking for an eco-friendly option to traditional air conditioners, this might not be the way to go.
A hybrid air conditioner works by using a combination of the previously discussed methods to cool the room. The difference is that the compressor is used less often, because it is not needed very often. Instead, the refrigerant gas is used more often to keep the desired temperature constant. This requires a little more energy than the other techniques, but the end result is generally better performance, since the appliance uses a lot less fuel. The hybrid units generally run a little bit more expensive than the air conditioners that use the compressor less often, but they are generally more energy-efficient overall.
Split air conditioner is a type of unit that is like the evaporative air cooler, in that it uses both a compressor and a cool fan. This type of air conditioner has two fans, rather than just one. Each fan blows cold air through ducts that take it to the rooms that need cooled. The compressor then converts the cold air into hot air, which blows into the rooms. In this system, the compressor also serves as a heater.
Split air conditioners are great for areas of the country that are consistently warm. Since it uses both the compressor and the cooler fan, it is less likely to freeze than an air conditioner that only functions in one of those areas. An evaporator in the split air conditioner is usually located near the business, giving it the advantage of being able to reach the rooms that need to be cooled quickly. If the business is not located close enough to an evaporator, an air conditioner that uses the same technique can be used instead. In addition, if the evaporator is not powerful enough to cool a room quickly enough, the split air conditioner will use a heat pump to boost the speed of the cooling ducts.